Medical Technology and Its Effects on Technological Safeguards Against Medical Malpractice
Medical technology refers to the application of scientific and technological know-how in the field of health science. It includes all the apparatuses and equipment that are made or utilized in the medical field. It also entails the medical research, development and technology, medical services, and medical treatment. Thus, this technology affects all aspects of health science, especially those that deal with medicine, pharmacy, diagnostics, nursing, public health, and pharmacy management. The scope of medical technology is so broad that it actually envelops almost everything we know about the medical science.
Medical technology has achieved great heights in the past decades, and it continues to do so at present. The scope and impact of technology in the field of medical science is vast. With the advent of the internet, most diseases have been able to be diagnosed and treated from remote locations. In addition, medical devices have been manufactured that enable patients and their caregivers to communicate with each other more easily, safely, and effectively.
Medical technology covers several areas, including electronics, software, diagnostics, medical instrumentation, medical imaging, information technology, pharmaceuticals, biomedical, medical equipment, and biotechnology industries. One area that has gained importance over time is electronic health records (EHR). EHR is a combination of computerized physician order entry and electronic medical records. These are designed to help doctors and other medical professionals manage and track patient-related data more efficiently. This has made it possible for doctors to provide accurate and timely medical services and has improved the quality of patient care.
Biomedical devices and diagnostic medical technologies encompass a wide range of activities. These include surgical instruments such as anesthetists and cardiologists; advanced robotic and diagnostic medical devices such as daisiescopes; and x-ray machines and other technologically advanced diagnostic, medical technologies. Such medical devices and diagnostic medical technologies are used not only by health care professionals in healthcare facilities but also in rehabilitation and elder care facilities. Thus, there are many roles for these medical technologies in the field of healthcare.
The field of medical technology has benefited greatly from the adoption of big data and artificial intelligence. One example of big data is clinical laboratory data. Such large sets of data allow researchers to make informed decisions about individual patients. Researchers can use such information to diagnose a disease or prescribe treatment. Similarly, artificial intelligence has made it possible to detect and treat infectious diseases. Such technologies are now being applied to medical practices in hospitals, clinics, doctor’s offices, and nursing homes.
Another area in which medical technology and its associated technologies are making great contributions is in digital health devices. Digital health devices are those that function via sensors and wireless technology and can be either wireless computers or electronic health record devices (EHRs). EHRs are essentially collections of patient data, organized in a way that medical technology personnel can more efficiently access and share the data they require. Examples of digital health devices include digital devices designed to help medical practitioners remotely manage and coordinate appointments with their patients. Such devices may also contain patient reminders, appointment reminders, and order entry systems, medical reminders, and automated medical codes that medical technology personnel can use to access, organize, and transmit medical data.
Medical technologies and their associated technology systems have also played a role in providing technical safeguards against the improper or illegal use of medical devices and procedures. The HIPAA acts as the primary framework for regulating how medical technology companies must handle their client’s personal healthcare information. The Security Rule establishes security standards and guidelines for managing personally owned electronic medical records (EMRs) in a secure manner. Security Rule requires that EMRs are protected from unauthorized transfer to third parties as well as from accidental disclosure to authorized personnel. In addition, the FDA issued revised Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulations that allow pharmaceutical companies to require their customers to obtain prior approval for the medical devices and procedures they intend to use with their EMRs.
Furthermore, the FDA continues to monitor medical technology through various activities. One such activity is the Agency’s Office of Technology Standards, which oversees the quality of devices used in clinical and research studies to test drugs, devices intended for diagnosing and treating a patient, medical equipment and devices used to test cosmetics and other skin care products, and other technological devices. Such devices and products, as well as examinations used by medical professionals to diagnose disease or identify conditions, must meet certain quality criteria set forth in the FDA’s revisions of the Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA’s) Code of Federal Regulations, or the Cures Act.